Development of our hot-wire-technique for directed heating


1993

  •  Asymmetric contact to potentiostat via heating current connection

1995

  •  Invention of symmetric arrangement by Prof. Dr. Peter Gründler: a third contact in the middle of the electrode is  connected to the potentiostat
  •  Temperature-Pulse Voltammetrie
  •  Short-heat-pulses allow heating above boiling point

1999

  •  heated carbon paste electrode

2005

  •   heated hybridization sensors (DE Pat)

2006

  •  bridge connection
  •  compact instrument

End of 2006

  •  first commercial instrument for direct (and indirect) electrode heating